If you want the plants in your garden or terrace to be the most environmental option, we believe it is important to do some research and look for native plants.
These are more likely to establish quickly and will naturally be hardy and healthy. Have in mind that native plants have evolved over thousands of years and are accustomed to the climate and conditions. As a general rule they require less water, fertilizer, and pesticides and therefore are better for the environment.
Another important factor to have into account is the effect your garden has on the population of birds and insects. Restoring native plant habitat is vital to preserving biodiversity. By creating a native plant garden or terrace, each patch of habitat becomes part of a collective effort to nurture and sustain the living landscape for birds and other animals, even in cities there are pockets of biodiversity. There are studies that show the effect of the kind of trees managed by people and the relocation of species.
But, how do you know which plants are native?
Well the first thing you can do is search the internet, we are sure you will find many blogs on local plants for your area. Lately we have taken cuts from wild plants that grow around us (some plants can grow roots in water from cuttings). By wild we mean plants that grow on the side of the road we go on for walks. So maybe they aren’t necessarily the most native plants but the fact that they grow without being taken care of is a sign that they don’t need much maintenance and can survive with the water they get from the rain.
The main key is the amount of water you need; so try to avoid tropical plants if you live in a drier part of the world. If you can’t imitate gardens you see on Pinterest of people that are in a different country, or even continent, as you with different weather conditions, that’s ok. See what grows near you and embrace it.